Rehabilitation center for drug-addicts run by the Kachin Independence Organization (KIO) in Laiza. The complex is located on the outskirts of the town, close to the border with China.@Rehabilitation center for drug-addicts run by the Kachin Independence Organization (KIO) in Laiza. The complex is located on the outskirts of the town, close to the border with China.@This is a picture of the rehabilitation center for drug-addicts run by the Kachin Independence Organization (KIO) in Laiza. The complex is located on the outskirts of the town, close to the border with China.
Rehabilitation center for drug-addicts run by the Kachin Independence Organization (KIO) in Laiza. The complex is located on the outskirts of the town, close to the border with China.
Inpatients of the rehabilitation center run by the Kachin Baptist Convention (KBC) in Myitkyina, are all housed in the same barracks.@Inpatients of the rehabilitation center run by the Kachin Baptist Convention (KBC) in Myitkyina, are all housed in the same barracks.@Inpatients of the rehabilitation center run by the Kachin Baptist Convention (KBC) in Myitkyina, are all housed in the same barracks.
Inpatients of the rehabilitation center run by the Kachin Baptist Convention (KBC) in Myitkyina, are all housed in the same barracks.
During lunchtime at the KBC rehabilitation center in Myitkyina some inpatients try to take refuge from the sun by sitting in the shade.@During lunchtime at the KBC rehabilitation center in Myitkyina some inpatients try to take refuge from the sun by sitting in the shade.@During lunchtime at the KBC rehabilitation center in Myitkyina some inpatients try to take refuge from the sun by sitting in the shade.
During lunchtime at the KBC rehabilitation center in Myitkyina some inpatients try to take refuge from the sun by sitting in the shade.
The choral singing of religious songs is a cathartic activity for the inmates at the KBC rehabilitation center in Myitkyina.@The choral singing of religious songs is a cathartic activity for the inmates at the KBC rehabilitation center in Myitkyina.@The choral singing of religious songs is a cathartic activity for the inmates at the KBC rehabilitation center in Myitkyina.
The choral singing of religious songs is a cathartic activity for the inmates at the KBC rehabilitation center in Myitkyina.
The rehabilitation center run by the KIO in Mai Ya Jang shelters more than forty inmates in cells shared by up to fifteen people.@The rehabilitation center run by the KIO in Mai Ya Jang shelters more than forty inmates in cells shared by up to fifteen people.@The rehabilitation center run by the KIO in Mai Ya Jang shelters more than forty inmates in cells shared by up to fifteen people.
The rehabilitation center run by the KIO in Mai Ya Jang shelters more than forty inmates in cells shared by up to fifteen people.
Each cell of the KIO center in Mai Ja Yang directly faces the compound’s yard. Without a solid door, the only thing protecting inpatients from the weather is these metal bars.@@
Each cell of the KIO center in Mai Ja Yang directly faces the compound’s yard. Without a solid door, the only thing protecting inpatients from the weather is these metal bars.
A few women share the only cell for female inmates in the rehabilitation center run by the KIO in Mai Ja Yang. Each cell is equipped with just a single bathroom.@A few women share the only cell for female inmates in the rehabilitation center run by the KIO in Mai Ja Yang. Each cell is equipped with just a single bathroom.@A few women share the only cell for female inmates in the rehabilitation center run by the KIO in Mai Ja Yang. Each cell is equipped with just a single bathroom.
A few women share the only cell for female inmates in the rehabilitation center run by the KIO in Mai Ja Yang. Each cell is equipped with just a single bathroom.
In the rehabilitation center run by the KIO in May Ja Yang, all of the male interns are sheltered in just two overcrowded cells. In these rooms the only ventilation comes from the entrance door and a small window.@In the rehabilitation center run by the KIO in May Ja Yang, all of the male interns are sheltered in just two overcrowded cells. In these rooms the only ventilation comes from the entrance door and a small window.@In the rehabilitation center run by the KIO in May Ja Yang, all of the male interns are sheltered in just two overcrowded cells. In these rooms the only ventilation comes from the entrance door and a small window.
In the rehabilitation center run by the KIO in May Ja Yang, all of the male interns are sheltered in just two overcrowded cells. In these rooms the only ventilation comes from the entrance door and a small window.
A young inpatient takes a rest in the rehabilitation center run by the KIO in the town of Laiza.@A young inpatient takes a rest in the rehabilitation center run by the KIO in the town of Laiza.@A young inpatient takes a rest in the rehabilitation center run by the KIO in the town of Laiza.
A young inpatient takes a rest in the rehabilitation center run by the KIO in the town of Laiza.
Inpatients in one of the cells of the rehabilitation center in Laiza. The drug addicts spend most of their time in these cells, sometimes shared by up to 15 people.@Inpatients in one of the cells of the rehabilitation center in Laiza. The drug addicts spend most of their time in these cells, sometimes shared by up to 15 people.@Inpatients in one of the cells of the rehabilitation center in Laiza. The drug addicts spend most of their time in these cells, sometimes shared by up to 15 people.
Inpatients in one of the cells of the rehabilitation center in Laiza. The drug addicts spend most of their time in these cells, sometimes shared by up to 15 people.
During the long hours they spend confined in their cells, inpatients at the rehabilitation centers often play cards and other games to fight boredom.@During the long hours they spend confined in their cells, inpatients at the rehabilitation centers often play cards and other games to fight boredom.@During the long hours they spend confined in their cells, inpatients at the rehabilitation centers often play cards and other games to fight boredom.
During the long hours they spend confined in their cells, inpatients at the rehabilitation centers often play cards and other games to fight boredom.
Inmates at the rehabilitation center run by the KIO in Laiza often play cards and other games to pass the long hours confined in their cells.@Inmates at the rehabilitation center run by the KIO in Laiza often play cards and other games to pass the long hours confined in their cells.@Inmates at the rehabilitation center run by the KIO in Laiza often play cards and other games to pass the long hours confined in their cells.
Inmates at the rehabilitation center run by the KIO in Laiza often play cards and other games to pass the long hours confined in their cells.
As with other rehabilitation facilities in KIO-controlled territory, the centre in Laiza is overseen by soldiers from the Kachin Independence Army (KIA) rather than the meager police force of the KIO.@As with other rehabilitation facilities in KIO-controlled territory, the centre in Laiza is overseen by soldiers from the Kachin Independence Army (KIA) rather than the meager police force of the KIO.@As with other rehabilitation facilities in KIO-controlled territory, the centre in Laiza is overseen by soldiers from the Kachin Independence Army (KIA) rather than the meager police force of the KIO.
As with other rehabilitation facilities in KIO-controlled territory, the centre in Laiza is overseen by soldiers from the Kachin Independence Army (KIA) rather than the meager police force of the KIO.
An inpatient reads the Holy Bible in one of the cells. Religion is one of the key elements of the rehabilitation program designed by the KIO, and many drug users turn to it to overcome their addiction.@An inpatient reads the Holy Bible in one of the cells. Religion is one of the key elements of the rehabilitation program designed by the KIO, and many drug users turn to it to overcome their addiction.@An inpatient reads the Holy Bible in one of the cells. Religion is one of the key elements of the rehabilitation program designed by the KIO, and many drug users turn to it to overcome their addiction.
An inpatient reads the Holy Bible in one of the cells. Religion is one of the key elements of the rehabilitation program designed by the KIO, and many drug users turn to it to overcome their addiction.
Maran Naw Seng starting using drugs when he was fighting on the front line as a volunteer for the VIllage Defense Forces, alongside the KIA. He was caught by an officer and sent to the rehabilitation center in Laiza.@Maran Naw Seng starting using drugs when he was fighting on the front line as a volunteer for the VIllage Defense Forces, alongside the KIA. He was caught by an officer and sent to the rehabilitation center in Laiza.@Maran Naw Seng starting using drugs when he was fighting on the front line as a volunteer for the VIllage Defense Forces, alongside the KIA. He was caught by an officer and sent to the rehabilitation center in Laiza.
Maran Naw Seng starting using drugs when he was fighting on the front line as a volunteer for the VIllage Defense Forces, alongside the KIA. He was caught by an officer and sent to the rehabilitation center in Laiza.
An inmate inside the cramped cell that he shares with other drug addicts in the rehabilitation center.@An inmate inside the cramped cell that he shares with other drug addicts in the rehabilitation center.@An inmate inside the cramped cell that he shares with other drug addicts in the rehabilitation center.
An inmate inside the cramped cell that he shares with other drug addicts in the rehabilitation center.
El daño causado

 

The rugged and mountainous forests of Kachin State have been ravaged by conflict since June 2011, when hostilities between the Burmese Army and the autonomist Kachin Independence Army (KIA, the armed wing of the Kachin Independence Organization) flared up after a tense ceasefire that had lasted for 17 years.

 

But the Tatmadaw, as the Burmese Army is also known, is not the only enemy that the Kachin are fighting. The KIO/KIA is also waging a war against another, faceless foe: drug addiction. And many Kachin are inclined to believe that both wars are more closely linked than appearances would suggest.

 

Burma is the second largest producer of opium in the world after Afghanistan. According to the annual report issued last year by the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC), in 2012 there were 51,000 hectares of opium poppy plantations in the country, most of them in Shan State, the southern neighbour of Kachin State. Shan State is also the biggest source of methamphetamine in Southeast Asia. Many of these narcotics easily make their way into both the government- and KIA-controlled areas of Kachin State, and the extensive use of heroin and methamphetamine among its youth threatens to destroy the social fabric of the Kachin people.

 

To combat the use of drugs, the KIO established the Drug Eradication Committee four years ago. The Committee runs a string of rehabilitation centers in the KIO/KIA controlled territory. These centers are jails in everything but in name where drug addicts are compulsorily interned but six months and made to work and pray. Meanwhile, in the government-controlled areas of Kachin State, the Kachin Baptist Convention (KBC) also runs rehabilitation centers, where Kachin people undergo voluntarily treatment to get rid of their habit.

 

Lugar : Kachin State, Burma.
   
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